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The Witch trials in England were conducted from the 15th century until the 18th century. They are estimated to have resulted in the death of between 500 and 1000 people, 90 percent of whom were women. The witch hunt was as its most intense stage during the civil war and the Puritan era of the mid 17th century Witch Trials in England: Witch Sites to Visit in England History of Witches in England. Following Queen Elizabeth I's death in 1603, there was no heir to the throne. So England... Witch sites to visit in England. With witch-hunting sprees spanning hundreds of years, there are so many witch. Ten Famous Witch Trials In England 2) 1566: blood, baskets and a cat called Satan. Henry VIII's witchcraft act of 1542 was deemed unfit for purpose, and... 3) 1590: James VI and the witches of Berwick. In 1590 King James VI of Scotland and his bride, Princess Anne of Denmark,... 4) 1594: Gwen Ellis. 5 Infamous Witch Trials in Britain 1. North Berwick (1590). The North Berwick trials became the first major case of witchcraft persecution in Scotland. 2. Northamptonshire (1612). Illustration of a woman being dunked from an 18th century chapbook (Credit: John Ashton ). 3. Pendle (1612). The.

Witchcraft Trials. The first record of a witch being burned at the stake in the British Isles was the execution of Petronilla de Meath at Killkenny, Ireland, on November 3, 1324. But from that time until the witch craze ended in the eighteenth century, Ireland would neither try nor burn any more witches. England did not really succumb to the witch. The witch trials were at their peak in England when, in June 1594, Gwen Ellis, a woman in her early forties who had been married three times, was taken to Flint gaol on suspicion of witchcraft. She remained there for four months awaiting trial European witch trials. Berkeley, 1979) 1441: England: 1: Cobham, Eleanor: f (Duchess of Gloucester, Wife of Humphrey) Given penance by secular authorities for sorcery in seeking the death of Henry VI. She had the help of Margery Jourdemaine, and two noted Oxford Scholars, one an astrologer, and the other a physician. They also wanted to ensure an heir. According to Wedek, a Treasury of Witchcraft, she was banished for life to the Isle of Man. (Sources: Rymer

Witch trials in England - Wikipedi

  1. Witch trials and witch related accusations were at a high during the early modern period in Britain, a time that spanned from the beginning of the 16th century to the end of the 18th century. Witchcraft in this article refers to any magical or supernatural practices made by mankind. Prior to it being made a capital offence in 1542. it was often seen as a healing art, performed by people referred to as the cunning folk, whereas it was later believed to be Satanic in origin and thus.
  2. Witchcraft was not made a capital offence in Britain until 1563 although it was deemed heresy and was denounced as such by Pope Innocent VIII in 1484. From 1484 until around 1750 some 200,000 witches were tortured, burnt or hanged in Western Europe. Most supposed witches were usually old women, and invariably poor. Any who were unfortunate enough to be 'crone-like', snaggle-toothed, sunken cheeked and having a hairy lip were assumed to possess the 'Evil Eye' ! If they also had a cat.
  3. The trials of the Pendle witches in 1612 are among the most famous witch trials in English history, and some of the best recorded of the 17th century. The twelve accused lived in the area surrounding Pendle Hill in Lancashire, and were charged with the murders of ten people by the use of witchcraft
  4. The persecution of mostly women as witches in medieval times and early modern Europe has fascinated scholars. Some of the earliest histories of the European witch hunts used the trials to characterize the present as more enlightened than the past. And many historians viewed witches to be heroic figures, struggling to survive against persecution
  5. e if your ancestor was a witch or not. Our definition of a witch today doesn't always match what the definition of a witch was back then. Someone who uses herbs to heal, pendulums to divine.
  6. g derived from the trial by water, an ancient practice where suspected cri

Witch Trials in England: Witch Sites to Visit in England

In England, the Witchcraft Act of 1542 regulated the penalties for witchcraft. In the North Berwick witch trials in Scotland, over seventy people were accused of witchcraft on account of bad weather when James VI of Scotland, who shared the Danish king's interest in witch trials, sailed to Denmark in 1590 to meet his betrothed, Anne of Denmark Nor was this persecution something unique to England. Across Europe, 50,000 men and women were executed for witchcraft between 1500 and 1800. In African countries like the Gambia and the Congo, witch hunts continue to this day, with children singled out for persecution in some cases. John Hopkins. The hysteria of the mid-1640s was due to two men from Manningtree in the Stour Valley, John.

He is the author of numerous studies relating to witchcraft, including four books: Crime and Mentalities in Early Modern England (2000), Hellish Nell: Last of Britain's Witches (2001), Witchfinders: a Seventeenth-Century English Tragedy (2005), and Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction (2010). His latest work is a study of culture and mentality in seventeenth-century America, culminating in the Salem witch-trials, to be published in 2013 The trials have become known collectively as the Lancashire Witch Trials. One (Jennet Preston) was tried at York, and one (Elizabeth Southerns) died in prison. Of the eleven individuals who went to trial (nine women and two men) ten were found guilty and executed by hanging, and only one (Alice Gray) was found not guilty No-one Was Safe: The Hedingham Witchcraft Case - Essex, England 1864 People often associate witch trials in the UK with women, but many cases involved men, too. One of the most brutal of these is a case of witchcraft from Sible Hedingham 1864 The Pendle Hill witch trials of 1612 are amongst the most famous in British history, partly because their events are so well documented, partly because a number of those involved genuinely believed.. English witch trials, When they tried people for witchcraft, it was a question, not indeed whether there were a devil and evil spirits able to communicate with men and to operate among them, for the truth of this was assumed, but whether on a given occasion, these crea tures had actually been operating in league 938 American Bar Association Journal. Witchcraft Trials in England Irrespective.

According to witch-hunters during the height of the witch trials, a witches' mark (also called a Devil's mark or a witches' teat) was sufficient indication that an individual was a witch. Identified witches' marks may have been just moles, scars, birthmarks, skin tags, supernumerary nipples, natural blemishes or insensitive patches of skin. A witches' teat was associated with the feeding o The Witchcraft Act of 1563 had established witchcraft as a felony in England and Wales and, as such, suspected witches could be tried in the assize courts. The assizes were by no means swamped with witchcraft cases, but there was a steady stream of trials of accused witches which passed off with no intervention from central government. It may have been the scale of the witch scare in.

Lancashire, England, was a rampant hot zone for witchcraft in the early 17th century. Pendle Hill took its name from Cumbric and Old English to form the 13th-century village of Penhul. In 1612, the town became the focus of religious zealots and paranoia when twenty people faced accusations for witchcraft during the Lancashire witch trials Witch-Hunts in Puritan New England T he witch trials that took place in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692 and 1693 are remembered today as a tragic chapter in American history. The trials are generally considered to be a unique and isolated flare-up of European superstitions that had been brought to America by a few settlers

Thesis: The Salem witch trials and the Elizabethan Era England Witch Trials were both based on that mob mentality that created a mass hysteria leading to many innocents being killed.These trials were very similar, based on their origins or what they were caused by, which type of people were accused, what type of execution they used to dispose of the accused, and finally how the trials ended. Witches aren't just for Halloween! Today we're looking at the dark history of Witch Trials in the UK and Europe! Sources and Further Reading:https://www.hist.. The Witch Trials - Bideford Witch Trials (England, 1682) The Bideford Witch Trials resulted in the last ever hangings for witchcraft in England, when Temperance Lloyd, Mary Trembles and Susannah Edwards were tried and convicted of witchcraft in 1682 in the small town of Bideford, England. Much of the evidence used in the conviction was hearsay Witch Trials in Early Modern Europe and New England. Posted on January 12, 2021 January 12, 2021 by MAMcIntosh. The height of the witch frenzy was marked by the publication of the Malleus Maleficarum (Hammer of Witches). Legal Basis for Witch Trials. Ugolini, Zanchino. Tractatus nouus aureus et solemnis de haereticisVenetijs: Ad Candentis Salamandrae Insigne, 1571. Historians have. Witch-Hunts in Puritan New EnglandThe witch trials that took place in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692 and 1693 are remembered today as a tragic chapter in American history. The trials are generally considered to be a unique and isolated flare-up of European superstitions that had been brought to America by a few settlers. Source for information on Witch-Hunts in Puritan New England: Witchcraft.

Ten Famous Witch Trials In England Kit Perrima

What Ended the Witchcraft Trials In England? The Bible verse stating that a sorceress should not be allowed to live was at the heart of the insane trials, ugly executions, and wild witch hunts that dominated Europe from the late Middle Ages up to the 18th century. Those who were involved with the trials for misguided or even evil reasons of their own, such as profit could always claim that it. Most people are aware of the witch trials that reached their height in the 16th and 17th centuries. How did culture shift towards this persecution? By the 1590s, the last decade of Elizabeth I's reign, the idea of the witch in England had crystallised as an old, very poor woman, lame or blind in one eye, and inclined to lose her temper over personal slights. Her dry, twisted and ageing body. Witch-hunting. Formal accusations against witches - who were usually poor, elderly women - reached a peak in the late 16th century, particularly in south-east England. 513 witches were put on trial there between 1560 and 1700, though only 112 were executed. The last known execution took place in Devon in 1685 Witchcraft. In the 16th and 17th centuries people across England, irrespective of status, believed in witches. Witchcraft was first made a capital offence in 1542 under a statute of Henry VIII but was repealed five years later. Witch fever reached new heights when witchcraft was again classed as a felony in 1562 under a statute of Elizabeth I Witch trials were most common in Central Europe, in Germany, France, Switzerland and what is now Belgium. Witch trials were somewhat less common in Scotland, Scandinavia and Poland. Executions for witchcraft were much less common in England, Russia and Southern Europe (Italy, Spain and Portugal). Hungary escaped witch trials and executions until the early 18th century. (The Hungarians.

5 Infamous Witch Trials in Britain History Hi

Witchcraft Trials - Englan

Witches in the dock: 10 of Britain's most infamous witch

It's odd that not much is known about the Newcastle witch trials when it's the biggest mass execution of witches on a single day in England. The 1612 Pendle witch trials are very well known, and ten people were executed on Gallows Hill in Lancashire. At the 1645 Chelmsford witch trials, 19 people were executed in all; however, these. Whilst two other categories combined, entertaining the devil and consulting with spirits, account for an almost equal proportion, these charges, traditionally not associated with the majority of English witchcraft cases, were all brought in trials that Matthew Hopkins and his associates were involved in. [22] A surprisingly small percentage of cases involved bewitching animals or property. Connecticut's 17th-century witch trials have long been overshadowed by the more numerous and better publicized proceedings in Salem, Massachusetts. But Connecticut's were among the first such trials in New England, preceding Salem's by four decades. And Mary Johnson's 1648 confession of witchcraft in Wethersfield was the first of its kind in the colonies. In all, Connecticut heard 43.

Salem's witchcraft hysteria was just the most spectacular (and certainly the most memorable) of the witch trials. Two hundred people faced charges, and 20 died at the executioner's hand. But Hartford had its own mini-witch hysteria, as did many towns scattered throughout New England. Connecticut Witchcraft Prosecution Salem witch trials (1692-93), a series of investigations and persecutions that caused 19 convicted 'witches' to be hanged and many other suspects to be imprisoned in Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. They were part of a long story of witch hunts that began in Europe in the 14th century The book discusses various witchcraft cases in New England from 1648 to 1692 and includes the events that led up to the Salem Witch Trials, many of which Hale witnessed firsthand. A Modest Inquiry Into the Nature of Witchcraft by John Hale. Some of the events described in the book include how some of the afflicted girls dabbled in folk magic and fortune-telling techniques shortly before.

We often look at the hysteria of the people in Massachusetts as a place for blame, but the quest to expose witches goes back more than 100 years before the events of the Salem witch trials. In 1562, England passed what was known as the Witchcraft Act. It made any practice remotely associated with witchcraft illegal. Books were published to describe what acts of witchcraft looked like so. suggestion during witchcraft trials, witchcraft pamphlets, pulpit teachings and so on served to gradually impress the idea of the witch's familiar into the popular imagination, where it then became a vehicle for the sensationalist and paranoid fantasies of the witch and her neighbours. There is now increasing acknowledgement, however, that ideas about witchcraft merged in a far more complex. Across New England, where witch trials occurred somewhat regularly from 1638 until 1725, women vastly outnumbered men in the ranks of the accused and executed. According to author Carol F. Karlsen. The Salem witch trials took place between February of 1962 and May of 1963. Over 150 men and women were accused of practicing witchcraft in the Salem village and the surrounding villages. At the end of the trial, 19 people were executed while other died in prison waiting for their trial or execution. Much of the convictions and accusations were generated from the infamous incidences of mass.

Abby Graves: Early Puritans & Salem Witch Trials

View from the top of England's haunted Pendle Hill. This started a chain reaction that ended in accusations of witchcraft and one of England's most notorious witch trials. During the trials, 12 people were accused of 10 murders. Of these 12 accused witches, 10 were executed by hanging, one is said to have died in jail and one other was. Four hundred years ago, hundreds of innocent people were killed as an obsession to stamp out Satanism swept the British Isles. Dr Suzannah Lipscomb investiga.. Witch Trials in England. Conclusion; Sources; Origins of the Trials . The Elizabethan Era, from early 1500 to mid-1600's, commonly referred to as the era of enlightenment and scientific advancement was the time period where Queen Elizabeth I was queen and also a time of great upheaval having to do with the witch trials (Elizabethan Witches).. The Great New England Vampire Panic Two hundred years after the Salem witch trials, farmers became convinced that their relatives were returning from the grave to feed on the livin

The Pendle witch trials of 1612 led to the deaths of 12 people, including the enigmatic Alice Nutter. My Lancashire grandmother liked to say that we were descended from her but she told a lot of. Witch trials, in contrast, were conducted to hunt, well, Populations for England and Wales (individually) are tabulated using total population data for 'England and Wales' by multiplying each country's share of their combined land area by the total population of 'England and Wales'. Identical tabulations are made for Ireland and Northern Ireland, Belgium and Luxembourg, and the. The Salem witch trials of the late 17th century were a formative episode in America's early history, and have remained at the forefront of the national consciousness ever since. This series of prosecutions and hangings of those accused of practicing witchcraft provoked a major backlash, and the event still haunts us today. Here are 42 wicked facts about the Salem witch trials. Salem Witch. In fact, plenty of Salem witch trials descendants achieved fame and fortune. If you throw in cousins and nephews, more than half the U.S. presidents had a blood connection to someone involved in the events of 1692-93. The sheer numbers of people involved explains the abundance of famous Salem witch trials descendants. Gov. William Phips appointed a Court of Oyer and Terminer to deal with the.

Historical Witches and Witchtrials in England, Ireland

How did the East Anglia witch trials inform future witch panics, such as Salem? Despite a gap of almost half a century, Puritanism, a society under considerable stress and a desire for religious conformity, provided common links between the largest witch-hunt in English history (in East Anglia in 1645-7) and in North America (at Salem in 1692). Furthermore, Massachusetts had been a magnet for. Salem Witch Trials, The: A Reference Guide (English Edition) eBook: Goss, K. David: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop Wählen Sie Ihre Cookie-Einstellungen Wir verwenden Cookies und ähnliche Tools, um Ihr Einkaufserlebnis zu verbessern, um unsere Dienste anzubieten, um zu verstehen, wie die Kunden unsere Dienste nutzen, damit wir Verbesserungen vornehmen können, und um Werbung anzuzeigen

History of the Salem Witch Trials timeline | TimetoastThe European Witch Hunts | Witch history, Poster prints

In practice, few witches were executed in Colonial America prior to the Salem Witch Trials. In the English tradition, clear and convincing proof of a crime was needed for a conviction. Confessions, especially with other evidence and testimony of at least two trustworthy people, constituted the best proof. Though the Salem Witch Trials predated the U.S. Constitution and its Bill of Rights. Twenty people — that's how many were executed in the 1692 Salem Witch Trials.Nineteen of them were hanged, per Famous Trials, and the other was a man in his 80s who was pressed to death under heavy stones for refusing to submit to a trial on witchcraft charges.Another four defendants died awaiting trial, according to History of Massachusetts

It is not enough for the symptoms to appear consistent with records from the witch trials, there needs to be an argument that supports the existence of ergot at the time, which Caporael provides. Wild rye does grow in New England and in 1692 it was a crop grown in Salem Village and used as a staple for winter months. The weather affecting the crops leading to the winter of 1692 needed to be. Today the Salem Witch Trials are often remembered as being a relic of a superstitious past, and Salem has transformed itself into a tourist haven and Halloween destination by capitalizing off the Salem Witch trials. But it was deadly serious in 1692, when 19 men and women found themselves taken to Gallows Hill and hanged for being witches. Another man who was over 80 years old was. Witchcraft Trials in Early Modern England. March 13, 2020. August 1, 2020. / Catherine Meyrick. A far more succinct version of this post was published by The Coffee Pot Book Club on 9 March 2020. 'The early-modern European witch-hunts were neither orchestrated massacres nor spontaneous pogroms. Alleged witches were not rounded up at night and. The Bideford Witch Trials: Devon, England. Taking place in Bideford Devon, England in 1682, three women in the communities were accused of committing the act of witchcraft. The first of the three was Temperance Lloyd. Temperance Lloyd was accused of witchcraft by the shopkeeper, Thomas Eastchurch and his wife, Elizabeth The Pendle Witch Trial of 1612. At the assizes at Lancaster in the autumn of 1612, twenty persons, of whom sixteen were women of various ages, were committed for trial, and most of them tried for witchcraft. Their names were: Elizabeth Southerns, alias Demdike. Elizabeth Device daughter of Demdike. James Device son of Elizabeth Device

Witchcraft in early modern Britain - Wikipedi

The history of witches in Britain - Historic UK - The

Ireland's 7 nastiest witch trials in history Biddy Early and the Magic Blue Bottle. Biddy took both her mother's maiden name and gift for concocting herbal cures... The Witch of Youghal. Florence Newton of County Cork was put on trial for witchcraft in 1661 and it was so important the... The. Witch trials appear in English history. So do executions - although by hanging, not burning. But a trial was no guarantee of an execution. While the 1650 Newcastle example demonstrates what a panic could do, the other 'precautions' (such as drawing blood to break enchantments) shows the aversion to witch trials. And the Jane Watson case. Trial of Marie Cornu (1611) in the Spanish Netherlands. Alonso de Salazar Frias (1564-1635) Tommaso Campanella (1568-1639) Friedrich Spee, Cautio Criminalis. Peace of Westphalia (1648) English Civil War (1642-1648) Witch-Finder General Matthew Hopkins (1644-1646) Trial of Suzanne Gaudry (1652) in the Spanish Netherland In 1682, Temperance Lloyd, a senile woman from Bideford, became the last witch ever executed in England. Lord Chief Justice Sir Francis North, a passionate critic of witchcraft trials, investigated the Lloyd case and denounced the prosecution as deeply flawed. Sir Francis North wrote, The evidence against them was very full and fanciful, but their own confessions exceeded it. They appeared.

Witch Trials in the 21st Century. Vocabulary. By Mary Schons. Friday, January 21, 2011. The most famous witch trial in history happened in Salem, Massachusetts, during the winter and spring of 1692-1693. When it was all over, 141 suspects, both men and women, were tried as witch es. Nineteen were executed by hanging In the history of the English witch trials, Essex won for itself a certain prestige from the outset: the first execution for witchcraft in the country took place in Chelmsford in 1566, only three years after the new Witchcraft Act was passed.1 It would prove to be a bad omen indeed, as the county bore the brunt of more than its fair share of witchcraft-related trials and bloodshed in the. Although the witch-hunt of 1645-7 is better understood than ever before, its wider importance for the history of English witchcraft remains relatively unexplored, partly because of its atypicality. 21 We might ask, though, what the singular character of this event can tell us about witch-trials in the 'normal' decades before and after. On August 20, 1612, the single largest trial of witches in English history concluded at the Summer Assises in Lancaster Castle. In April of that year, twelve people from the Pendle area were arrested and charged with witchcraft. Of the eleven who survived to go to trial, all were found guilty. Of those eleven, ten were hung the next day. The Pendle Witch trials as they became known, were the. The Witch Trials: Evidence, Torture and Confession. By Jess Watson. JUSTIFICATION. Malleus Maleficarum, title page of an edition dated 1669. The treatment of witchcraft cases by the courts in the early modern period consists of a particularly complex nature, chiefly in terms of how we can access and understand the mentalities and popular beliefs of those in the past. As Orna Darr observes.

Witchcraft in the late 1500s to the early 1600s timeline

England's Witchcraft Trials by Willow Winsham. Yet an indignant tweeter took the opportunity to correct me that you couldn't ignore centuries of burnings because not all trials ended in execution. At no point did I say that we could. But these trials clearly still weigh heavy on modern minds. As well they should. Willow Winsham's previous book followed a range of accused women. Accused. Witches beaten in front of King James during the Berwick Witch Trials (Image: Wikimedia). King James VI of Scotland became the first monarch to unite the kingdoms of England and Scotland in 1603 when he inherited the throne from his Aunt, Queen Elizabeth I, the last Tudor The exhibition contains documents from Witchcraft trials. Witches in Early Modern England Witches in Early Modern England provides a selection of witchcraft narratives from Early Modern England (1540-1700) which have been tagged to facilitate searching and mapping in a number of ways (authors, locations, events, people, preternaturals). The website's open-ended platform encourages users to.

Review: Stacy Schiff’s ‘The Witches’ stirs up some trickySalem 1630: Pioneer Village | Essex National Heritage AreaOld Witch Jail - SalWiki

Pendle witches - Wikipedi

Witch hunts reached their peak in the UK in the 17th century, when the church viewed witches as devil-worshipping heretics. In 1604 James I issued a statute against witchcraft. Numerous trials. Witch Trials, Europe. As Jared Diamond notes in his bestselling Collapse (2005), the last preserved European report about the doomed Norse colony in Greenland indicates that a man named Kolgrim was burned at the stake in 1407 for using witchcraft to seduce the married daughter of a local notable; the woman soon went insane and died. Besides illustrating that European colonists executed people. Well-known and highly publicized witch trials in England included the Pendle trials, as well as cases in Hertfordshire and Chelmsford. The belief in witchcraft, pacts with the Devil, and supernatural powers was an extension of the great changes in religious and cultural life in the country at the time. It's important to note that the 1653 Witchcraft Laws were not the first to appear in the. In 1612 the witch hunting frenzy reached Lancashire in what would become the most infamous witch trials in English history: The Pendle Witch Trials. Lancaster has a long and dark history for a relatively small city - it wasn't granted city status until the 1930s - and Lancaster Castle was still being used as a prison until 2011, 399 years after its most famous occupants were there. In.

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A Timeline of Witch Hunts in Europe - ThoughtCo

Mention witchcraft in America, and most people will immediately think of Salem, Massachusetts.After all, the famous (or infamous, depending on how you look at it) trial of 1692 went down in history as a perfect storm of fear, religious fanaticism, and mass hysteria He concluded with an accusation that foreshadowed the Salem witch trials: He had a reputation for his courage, his hatred of the English and his son-in-law - Baron Saint-Castin. Early Warnings. The Candlemas Massacre didn't take York by complete surprise. Shubael Dummer, founder of York's First Parish Congregational Church, resisted warnings to leave the village because of the. The Salem witchcraft trials of 1692 happened at the worst possible time. The charter of the colony had been temporarily suspended (1684-1691) due to political and religious friction between the colony and England. A new charter (1691) arrived from England in May 1692, along with the new governor, but as yet, the General Court had not had time to create any laws. Nevertheless, the new governor. Some historians have also blamed Reverend Samuel Parris for the witch trials, claiming he was the one who suggested to the Salem villagers that there were witches in Salem during a series of foreboding sermons in the winter of 1692, according to Samuel P. Fowler in his book An Account of the Life of Rev. Samuel Parris: We have been thus particular in relation to the settlement of Mr. Parris.

Ancestral Witchcraft: Witch Bloodline Names from England

Officially, the last witch trial took place in September of 1944. It was a legal proceeding in England: the Crown vs. Jane Rebecca Yorke. She was accused and convicted on seven counts of pretendingto cause the spirits of deceased persons to be present, under the Witchcraft Act of 1735 . Yorke was a little known local psychic in east. Witches' goods were often confiscated by the courts, but most witches were too poor for this to be lucrative; only rarely would it cover the cost of pre-trial imprisonment, obtaining a trial commission, holding a court and organising an execution. Attempts to organise the prosecution of richer suspects were sometimes mounted, but these usually failed. The main people to benefit financially.

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witch-trials must be studied to determine their decline. When the trials began to spiral out of control, accusing unstereotypical victims such as children, men and the middle-classes of acts of diabolism, there was a greater need for proof. Rich intellectuals intervened to protect themselves as well as innocents, and the subsequent reform of the systems of law made it more difficult for witch. the Salem Witch Trials JOHN M. MURRIN F OR SEVERAL YEARS I have been approaching the Salem witch trials from two different directions.' Breaking out in 1692, they became the last major upheaval that afflicted the English Atlantic world between the third Anglo-Dutch War of 1672-74 and the 1690s. The Dutch reconquest of New York fo The case of the Newcastle Witches lead to one of the biggest witch trials in England, yet the story is not as well-known as the infamous cases at Berwick and Pendle. This is a tale of a ruthless City Corporation, a coal monopoly, a corrupt witch-finder and how a skeptical Lieutenant with an eye for the ladies saved an accused witch from the gallows-tree. Newcastle in the Seventeenth Century.

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